Automatic computation for optimum height planning of apartment buildings to improve solar access
The objective of this
study is to suggest a mathematical model and an optimal algorithm for
determining the height of apartment buildings to satisfy the solar
rights of survey buildings or survey housing units. The objective is
also to develop an automatic computation model for the optimum height of
apartment buildings and then to clarify the performance and expected
effects. To accomplish the objective of this study, the following
procedures were followed:
The necessity of the height planning of obstruction buildings to
satisfy the solar rights of survey buildings or survey housing units is
demonstrated by analyzing through a literature review the recent trend
of disputes related to solar rights and to examining the social
requirements in terms of solar rights. In addition, the necessity of the
automatic computation system for height planning of apartment buildings
is demonstrated and a suitable analysis method for this system is
chosen by investigating the characteristics of analysis methods for
solar rights assessment.
A case study on the process of height planning of apartment buildings
will be briefly described and the problems occurring in this process
will then be examined carefully.
To develop an automatic computation model for height planning of
apartment buildings, geometrical elements forming apartment buildings
are defined by analyzing the geometrical characteristics of apartment
buildings. In addition, design factors and regulations required in
height planning of apartment buildings are investigated. Based on this
knowledge, the methodology and mathematical algorithm to adjust the
height of apartment buildings by automatic computation are suggested and
probable problems and the ways to resolve these problems are discussed.
Finally, the methodology and algorithm for the optimization are
Based on the suggested methodology and mathematical algorithm, the
automatic computation model for optimum height of apartment buildings is
developed and the developed system is verified through the application
of some cases. The effects of the suggested model are then demonstrated
quantitatively and qualitatively.
Keywords: Solar rights; Solar access; WALDRAM; Apartment buildings; Optimization
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